Children in Years 1 and 2 will be given a really solid foundation in the basic building blocks of mental and written arithmetic. Through being taught place value, children will develop an understanding of how numbers work, so that they are confident with 2-digit numbers and beginning to read and say numbers above 100.
In Lower Key Stage 2, children build on the concrete and conceptual understandings they have gained in Key Stage 1 to develop a real mathematical understanding of the four operations, in particular developing arithmetical competence in relation to larger numbers.
Finally, in Upper Key Stage 2, children move on from dealing mainly with whole numbers to performing arithmetic operations with both decimals and fractions
Below are a selection of videos which go through the progression in maths for all four operations. We hope you find them useful.
Multiplication & Division
Key Stage 1
Key Stage 2